Security Gap Analysis for Maintaining Cybersecurity Posture

Maintaining cybersecurity posture is key to avoiding data breaches, and gap analysis is instrumental in this. Cybersecurity posture is akin to proper posture with your body, which helps to avoid short-term and long-term injuries. The term refers to an organization’s position with respect to protecting data. It also indicates the efficacy of its information security and compliance program(s).

Cybersecurity posture encompasses both security and compliance aspects. Security posture specifically refers to the general security policies and settings and protocols that are setup to prevent breaches. Compliance posture is aboout being in line with standards and government body-based regulations for data security and compliance in a particular industry/vertical. Good security and compliance posture means having a good starting defense against hackers. It does, however, need to be continuously updated as the environmental context changes. This is where security gap analysis comes in.

Security Gap Analysis

While maintaining good cybersecurity posture may sound easy, this is not necessarily the case. It becomes more difficult as the surface area of technology infrastructures and stakeholders grow. The interlinking of hybrid environments, emergence of new technologies, change in compliance/security regulations also affects this. And hackers become more sophisticated with their plans and tools of attack. Diligence requires regular information security gap analysis and risk analysis.

Information security gap analysis measures the difference between your current cybersecurity posture and the golden posture (i.e. your desired risk, security, and compliance baselines). Analysis effectively indicates the gap between where you are and where you want to be, highlighting specific issues and how to fix them. With complex systems containing hundreds of thousands of security configurations, policies, protocols, and settings, the security gap report might discover thousands of issues that need to be addressed. Because of the time and cost of fixing all of these, a security gap analysis allows you to prioritize fixing the most pressing issues. This helps you to better secure valuable data by minimizing the risk exposure to breach.

Gap Analysis Barriers

While security gap analysis is central to maintaining cybersecurity posture, it can be time consuming and costly. Manual security gap analysis is possible, but most organizations are only able to manually check approximately 10% of their environment. Even then, they typically only do this once a year through manual audits or by seeking the help of external auditors, which can be expensive. This approach creates problems in a rapidly changing environment with expanding surface levels and multiple security changes taking place in a single day. While they can hire outside security companies, organizations typically spend 40% of their security budgets on external consultants. In fact, worldwide spending on IT security is set to top $1 Trillion. Outsourcing security gap analysis adds to these spiraling budgets.

An Automated Solution

To solve the problems of cost and efficiency, Spanugo’s Automated Assurance Security Platform (ASAP) offers a new paradigm by automating the assessment and security gap analysis process. It provides continuous maintenance of cybersecurity posture, saving time and money. To begin with, organizations can setup an in-house security analysis template to establish all of their security and compliance baselines. Out of the box, Spanugo ASAP includes several best practices control frameworks, such as CIS, and compliance with regulatory controls in sectors such as healthcare (HIPAA), finance (PCI) and government (NIST). Selecting a baseline assessment template helps establish golden posture requirements for assessment purposes. Spanugo ASAP has built-in best practices to supply this.

Once your template has been established, Spanugo ASAP offers multi-stage, closed-loop, continuous security and compliance automation to maintain your security/compliance posture. This begins with an initial analysis of your assets, resources, and configurations to assess your current posture. It then undertakes a gap analysis, checking your current assessed posture against your desired golden posture. With the resulting gap report, Spanugo ASAP offers a remediation plan. This allows for the creation of prioritized remediation issues; you can focus on fixing higher risk issues/vulnerabilities to mitigate and minimize risk exposure.

Because of the nature of the dynamically changing hybrid cloud environment, Spanugo ASAP offers continuous security gap analysis via Drift Analysis. Once the original remediation plan is implemented, continuous monitoring and Drift Analysis assessments checks cybersecurity posture in relation to future IT environmental changes. This includes information about potential degradation in security caused by recent IT activity, or any drifts from security/compliance frameworks that these changes might have affected. Much like the original security gap analysis, Spanugo ASAP then provides further remediation plans.

Spanugo ASAP

In a nutshell, rather than making security gap analysis an occasional process, Spanugo ASAP offers continuous, automated monitoring of your cybersecurity posture. For more information on Spanugo ASAP and how it can help maintain your cybersecurity posture with security gap analysis, request a free trial or contact us.

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